Globalization: How It Has Affected Philippine Education And Beyond


Education earlier Alienation  than the 20th century changed into once handled as a home phenomenon and institutions for studying were as soon as treated as neighborhood establishments. Prior to the 20th century, training changed into normally constrained within the confines of a rustic, exclusively meant for the intake of its nearby residents. Scholars or university college students did not need to travel miles far from their countries of foundation to take a look at and to gain abilties which they wished so as to traverse the paths of their chosen careers. Moreover, country wide borders served as impenetrable partitions in the name of sovereignty. Gaining a college degree and the competencies entailed with it had been merely for the motive of staunch nationalistic carrier to one’s land of starting place. Furthermore, expertise of the valleys and the oceans encircling the world map, in addition to foreign languages and international political regimes have been not tons of an vital. Intercultural change was not big and complex, if not complicated. Acceptance and understanding of cultural diversity were no longer pressured upon each person, in addition to the entice to take part in a globally interconnected global. In different words, before the 20 th century, scholastic paintings had been predominantly simple and restricted within the nearby, the domestic, the close by. They have been constrained to at least one’s very own village, one’s very own place, one’s very own country. A pupil had his very own neighborhood because the location wherein he is to be born, to be educated, and later to be of provider to – the nearby village which is his home, his community, his united states. Education

Nevertheless, the sector has been in a regular kingdom of flux. In the twentieth century onwards, the phenomenon called globalization rose and have become the buzzword. Anything which pertained to the time period globalization changed into attributed to modernization, or anything that is updated, if not higher. Part and parcel of this fashion is the advent and irresistible force of records era and data growth via the wonders of the Internet. The concept of cosmopolitanism – a feel of all of humanity, regardless of race, creed, gender, and so forth, dwelling in a so-referred to as international village – is any other number one indicator of globalization. Moreover, international media in addition to trade and investment were unbridled and have passed off in a transnational nature. Finally, globalization has concerned the uncontrollable motion of students, laborers, and migrants shifting from one region to some other in search for higher employment and living conditions.


Apparently, globalization seemed to be all-encompassing, affecting all regions of human lifestyles, and that includes education. One indicator of this is the emergence of global education as a idea. Internationalization of education is manifested by way of catchphrases like The Global Schoolhouse, All the arena’s a school room, One massive campus this is Europe, Think international. Act neighborhood, and Go West. Students from the world over had been ostensibly persuaded to study the sector and to deal with technological improvements, if now not to become a Citizen of the World. Moreover, globalization and worldwide training are at play, for example, whilst speakme of Singapore being branded as the Knowledge Capital of Asia, demonstrating the metropolis-country as many of the world’s educational powerhouses; De La Salle University in Manila, Philippines stepping into agreements and external linkages with numerous universities inside the Asian area like Japan’s Waseda University and Taiwan’s Soochow University for partnership and support; the status quo of department campuses or satellites in Singapore of American and Australian universities like the University of Chicago and the University of New South Wales, respectively; on-line degree programs being presented to a housewife who’s keen to gather a few training in spite of her being occupied together with her motherly duties; college students taking semesters or examine-overseas applications; and sooner or later the call for to analyze English – the lingua franca of the contemporary educational and business global – through non-traditional speakers, like the Chinese, the Japanese, and the Korean students exerting efforts to examine the language to be able to qualify for an area in English-talking universities and offices. Apparently, all of those promote international schooling, convincing its prospective purchasers that during modern day on-going frenzy of opposition, a amazing force to enhance one’s self-investment is to depart their homes, fly to some other united states of america, and soak up across the world applicable courses. Indeed, globalization and international education have altogether endorsed students to get to recognise their world higher and to get concerned with it more.

Boston College’s Center for International Higher Education Director and International Education expert Philip Altbach asserted in his article “Perspectives on International Higher Education” that the elements of globalization in higher training are good sized and multifaceted. Clear signs of globalization tendencies in higher schooling that have pass-countrywide implications are subsequent:

1. Flows of students across borders;
2. International branch and offshore campuses dotting the landscape, mainly in growing and middle-income nations;
3. In American colleges and universities, applications geared toward supplying an worldwide attitude and go-cultural capabilities are incredibly famous;
four. Mass better education;
5. A worldwide market for students, college, and enormously educated employees; and
6. The international attain of the brand new ‘Internet-based’ technologies.

Moreover, European Association of International Education expert S. Caspersen supported that internationalization impacts the following regions: Curriculum, language training, studies and education overseas, teaching in overseas languages, receiving overseas students, employing foreign staff and visitor teachers, providing teaching materials in overseas languages, and provision of international Ph. D. Students. Nevertheless, globalization’s objective of a “one-size-fits-all” lifestyle that would ease international transactions has no longer seemed to be relevant to all the countries of the arena. In the words of Nobel Laureate economist Joseph Stiglitz, globalization’s outcomes are dualistic in nature. Globalization itself is neither proper nor horrific. It has the power to do enormous properly. But in much of the arena, globalization has no longer added similar benefits. For many, it seems towards an unmitigated disaster. In Andrew Green’s 2007 e-book, “Education and Development in a Global Era: Strategies for ‘Successful Globalisation'”, he asserted that optimists could consult with the upward thrust of East Asian tigers – Japan, China, and South Korea – as globalization’s fulfillment tales. But those are only a minority of the world’s hundred nations. A majority has remained of their developing conditions, amongst these is the Philippines.

In terms of international training being discovered inside the Philippines, universities have integrated of their mission and imaginative and prescient the values of molding graduates into globally competitive experts. Furthermore, Philippine universities have undergone internationalization concerning the recruitment of foreign lecturers and college students and collaboration with universities remote places. English schooling has additionally been intensified, with the language getting used because the medium of training aside from the triumphing Filipino vernacular. Finally, Philippine better education, at some stage in the onset of the twenty-first century, has bolstered the imparting of nursing and records generation publications due to the call for of overseas nations for these graduates.

In phrases of student mobility, even though gaining an global schooling through studying abroad like in the United States is deemed marvelous, if no longer superior, via most Filipinos, the idea of practicality is overriding for most students. Study-overseas endeavors aren’t popular most of the current technology of college students. The typical outlook is that it is not sensible to study foreign places manifestly due to the prices – tuition costs, residing costs, lodging, and airfare. Although financial useful resource can be to be had, they may be extremely constrained. There may be numerous universities that offer merit or academic scholarships, skills scholarships, athletic scholarships, coaching assistantships, research assistantships, complete or partial lessons charge waivers, but without a doubt there’s actually now not a variety of student money. Apparently, worldwide schooling is thought as a global difficulty, a international commodity, and chiefly, a privilege – and consequently, it isn’t for everyone. Hence, reading in America is a trifling choice for people who can afford to pay the expenses entailed in reading abroad.

The Philippines is a Third World u . S . A . Which is closely influenced with the aid of developed international locations like the United States. Globalization may additionally have affected it definitely in a few ways, but a large chew of its results has been leaning to the detriment of the Filipinos. Globalization has on the whole affected not best the USA’s education machine but even beyond it – economically and socially. These encompass mind drain, declining excellent in education because of profiteering, hard work surplus, vulnerability of its workers remote places, and declining own family values.

For one, the Philippines is a migrant-employee us of a. This phenomenon of sending its workers (also known as Overseas Filipino Workers or OFWs) overseas to paintings and to ship cash again home has been intensified by using globalization. Brain drain – or the exodus of proficient and professional residents of a country shifting to commonly advanced nations for better employment and dwelling situations – is one trouble that has been stepped up with the aid of globalization. The Philippine foreign coverage of hard work international relations commenced within the 1970s when rising oil expenses brought about a boom in contract migrant exertions inside the Middle East. The government of dictator Ferdinand Marcos, from the mid-Nineteen Sixties to the mid-Eighties, saw an opportunity to export young guys left unemployed by way of the stagnant financial system and installed a gadget to modify and encourage labor outflows. This state of affairs has led Filipinos to have a look at courses like nursing which might at ease them employment foreign places instead of-of they’re domestic us of a. For extra than 25 years, export of brief exertions like nurses, engineers, information technology practitioners, caregivers, entertainers, home helpers, manufacturing unit employees, creation employees, and sailors had been sent remote places to be hired. In return, the Philippine economy has benefited through the monetary remittances despatched through those OFWs. In the last zone of 2010, the Philippine financial system gained more or less $18.Seventy-six billion in remittances which largely got here from OFWs based in the United States, Saudi Arabia, United Kingdom, Japan, United Arab Emirates, Singapore, Italy, Germany, and Norway.

Second, the demand for foreign places employment via those Filipino specialists has affected the excellent of the neighborhood training machine in the shape of fly-through-night, substandard colleges which had been handiest aimed at profiteering. A Filipino legislator, Edgardo Angara, once aired his challenge over the spread of many schools which give publications believed to be demanded in overseas countries and the declining best schooling. The Angara determined that the Philippines has an excessive amount of getting admission to schooling as opposed to first-class training. For example, for every 5 kilometers in this u. S ., there may be a nursing school, a computer college, a care-giving school, and a beauty school. The Angara counseled that lawmakers and educators have to discover a satisfied method for satisfactory training.

Third, hard work surplus is some other dire effect of globalization. In 2008, the phenomenon of mind drain began to subside in the Philippines. This length became whilst the United States started out to revel in a monetary turmoil which was contagious, distressing countries round the arena which can be based on its economy. In the Philippines, it has been surmised that the demand for nurses has already died down because the need for them has already been stuffed. For example, the US has determined that in preference to outsourcing overseas nurses, they’ve resorted to using nearby hires to mitigate its local trouble of rising unemployment. As a result, this incident has receded the phenomenon of a majority of Filipino college college students taking up nursing. And the unfortunate end result is the labor surplus of nursing graduates. This catch 22 situation which has been resulting from a Third World united states inclusive of the Philippines looking to address globalization’s feature of hard work outflows has left Filipinos on a double whammy. Over 287,000 nursing graduates are presently both jobless or hired in jobs other than nursing. Nursing graduates nowadays suffer activity mismatch, taking up jobs which can be different from their area of specialization like working for name centers, serving as English tutors, if not final unemployed because the Philippine hospitals have little to no vacancies in any respect that are speculated to be occupied by means of the massive wide variety of nursing graduates. Furthermore, these specialists are regularly occurring by means of hospitals or clinics as volunteers with little to no monetary benefits, or as trainees who’re burdened with the policy of forcibly paying the hospitals for their training.Globalization

Fourth, a catch 22 situation that globalization has pressured the Philippines is the vulnerability of its distant places employees. For example, Saudi Arabia, Yemen, United Arab Emirates, and Taiwan, have had no preference however to put off and repatriate their Filipino guest employees in light of the global monetary disaster. Furthermore, the risk of Saudization is a present problem within the Philippines these days. Presently, around 1.4 million OFWs in Saudi Arabia are under threat of losing their jobs due to the fact the Arab country is imposing a Saudization software for you to prioritize their Arab citizens for employment. To date, with greater than 1.5 million OFWs, Saudi Arabia is the country which has the greatest awareness of OFWs. It is the largest hirer of Filipino Workers and has the largest Filipino populace inside the Middle East. As Saudi Arabia hosts a majority of OFWs, the hassle of those Filipino workers losing their jobs and returning to their fatherland where employment possibilities are scarce is a country wide chance. Furthermore, the current countrywide instability in nations like Syria and Libya has threatened the lives of the OFWs, who nonetheless have chosen to live in their foreign workplaces because of monetary reasons which they find weightier vis-à-vis their protection.

Finally, globalization has resulted in social charges which contain demanding situations to Filipino households. Possessing close own family ties, Filipino households sacrifice and allocate substantial amounts of monetary sources so one can help their kin. Filipino mother and father have the perception that thru training, their children are assured with promising futures and accomplishing respectable lives. Thus, given the restrained employment possibilities in the Philippines which are unable to support the needs of the own family, one or each dad and mom go away to paintings outside the u . S .. As a result, Filipino children, although their instructional dreams and properly-being are sustained, would ought to live to tell the tale with one or both dad and mom away from them. They might then must deal with residing with an extended family member consisting of aunts, uncles or grandparents who are left to take care of them. This has deprived Filipino kids of parental help and guidance as they are separated from the number one individuals in their own family.

In reality, even though Filipino households have skilled the economic benefits of a member of the family uprooting himself from the u . S . To work distant places, this trend has not been loved by using most people of Filipinos. The poorest of the bad cannot manage to pay for to go away and work distant places. Also, with volatile marketplace forces, the price of america dollar that is used because the currency of OFW salaries vacillating, growing gasoline charges and toll fees in highways, and the continued surge in the cost of dwelling inside the Philippines, in general, globalization has precluded lengthy-time period economic growth for the u . S . A ., with the masses struggling a excellent deal. Moreover, with human capital and technological know-how crucial to growth, the Philippines suffered with globalization through losing its specialists to the evolved nations which, on the other hand, skilled “mind gain”.

Indeed, globalization has both nice and negative outcomes, however, inside the Philippine case, it is more at the bad. It is justified to say that globalization is a “choppy technique” and that most least developing countries did now not grow significantly in mild of globalization. Those which predominantly benefited are the affluent and effective international locations of the Western global and East Asia.

The Philippines turned into as soon as considered as the “understanding capital of Asia”, specifically in the course of the 1960s and the Nineteen Seventies. Its device of higher schooling turned into marked by using excessive standards comparable to its neighboring nations, an awful lot lower lessons expenses, and the most important use of English because the medium of practise. The Philippines, consequently, became able to trap students from its neighboring international locations, like the Chinese, the Thais, and the Koreans. However, presently, this once upbeat image has now been changed with the aid of a bleak one because of several problems which has long faced the machine like price range mismanagement, negative exceptional, and job mismatch, thereby significantly affecting its clients and quit products – the Filipino students. Making topics worse is globalization affecting the graduates of Philippine universities by luring them to pick out to paintings distant places because of the greater financial advantages vis-à-vis the disadvantage of leaving their households home and now not serving their countrymen. Now that the sector is undergoing economic turmoil, the Filipino workers would then need to deal with those dire outcomes of globalization.

Apparently, the Philippines has remained stagnant, in place of the desires of growing equality, fast monetary increase via integration into the worldwide marketplace, and the wide distribution of social improvements in much less evolved countries. These culmination of globalization, unfortunately, did not trickle down a terrific deal to the Philippines. Hence, although distant places employment has been a legitimate alternative for the local employees, it’s miles high time that the Philippine government inspire schools and universities to provide packages which might be applicable to the nature of this drastically agricultural us of a like agriculture-associated courses as those might play a huge position in placing the Philippine financial system in motion in the direction of improvement. The population growth in this u . S ., that is typically reckoned as a number of the united states of America’s predicaments because the surging wide variety of Filipinos is not directly proportional to the employment possibilities to be had, should be taken benefit of with the aid of encouraging the surplus of people to increase employment and improve the rural farmlands. Affluent Filipino families who very own massive conglomerates ought to additionally participate in growing extra employment opportunities and encouraging dignified labor conditions which will mitigate the dismal fashion of hard work migration. Moreover, in place of adopting policies imposed with the aid of effective Western nations just like the United States and going with the float,