No Conflict Between Religion and Science?


ROME – A Vatican cardinal stated Tuesday that the Catholic Church does no longer stand inside the way of scientific realities like evolution, though he described as “absurd” the atheist belief that evolution proves there’s no God.

Let us don’t forget these claims. First, the alleged compatibility primarily based on the fact that many scientists also are believers in God consequences in a completely susceptible experience of “compatibility.” As Jerry A. Coyne says, it is similar to pronouncing that marriage is like-minded with adultery due to the fact a few married human beings exercise adultery. Or like pronouncing that being a Roman Catholic priest is well suited with pedophilia because a number of clergymen sexually abuse young human beings, or like saying that investment counseling is compatible with fraudulence due to the fact a few counselors grow to be frauds. People, like Coyne or Richard Dawkins, who argue that science is not well suited with supernaturalism, are genuinely aware that a few scientists can not shake free from supernaturalism of some kind. What they argue is that a correct expertise of the scientific technique and knowledge implies a rejection of supernaturalism.

Second, the sciences are not within the commercial enterprise of proving or disproving God’s life; but any look at the Western records — the rise of science and enlightenment wondering — well-known shows that the sciences have constructed (and maintain to construct) a robust case in opposition to any awesome-naturalistic view of nature, of history and society.

Third, it is a completely weak argument to say compatibility due to the fact scientists, like Kenneth Miller and Francis S. Collins, locate belief in a god to be steady with their clinical paintings. It is probably genuine that neither evolutionary biology nor genetics proves there may be no God; therefore, belief in such an entity is not immediately contradicted by expertise received in biology or a genetics. But it is also genuine that different scientists might maintain bizarre ideas consistent with their clinical paintings, e.G. Some would possibly locate belief in ‘Voodoo arts’ to be consistent, a few reincarnations, and a few discover that New Age Mysticism is regular with their work as chemists. In brief, the truth that a Miller or a Collins reveals supernaturalism constant with their science does not anything to expose any compatibility between technological know-how proper and supernaturalism, until we also admit a ‘compatibility’ with all styles of occultism, the notion in magic or an expansion of other bizarre beliefs.

The answer is a powerful “NO” consistent with a sizeable variety of scientists, theoreticians of the sciences, and philosophers of technological know-how. Scientists like Richard Dawkins, Victor Stenger, Taner Edis and others have written books arguing the non-compatibility thesis. Philosophers like Daniel Dennett have additionally argued impressively against the compatibility claim. The latest article in “The New Republic” via evolutionary scientist, Jerry A. Coyne, (“Seeing and Believing,” February 04, 2009) provides exciting and telling arguments towards compatibility. A materialistic clarification of nature, he tells us, isn’t a philosophical assumption of technological know-how but is a concept which has resulted from years of successful medical research. In different phrases, the work of science helps the view that nature is to be explained in materialistic terms, absolutely without connection with the supernatural. In short, the sciences and philosophical naturalism are greater carefully tied collectively than Miller and Scott advise. Mario Bunge, in any other latest article, agrees [See him “The philosophy behind pseudoscience”, Skeptical Inquirer 30 (4) 29-27 (2006)]. He tells us that each highbrow endeavor, along with technological know-how, has an underlying philosophy. He states that “the philosophy behind evolutionary biology is naturalism (or materialism) collectively with epistemological realism.” He adds that “via contrast, the philosophy in the back of creationism (whether conventional or “scientific”) is supernaturalism (the oldest type of idealism).”

Given the arguments superior by using these human beings, the idea that technological know-how may be characterized as pure technique, without naturalistic philosophy, may be very questionable. Even Miller, while he argues the case of herbal selection in opposition to so-referred to as “shrewd design,” does no longer take evolutionary biology to be natural technique. He cites the properly-grounded theory and frame of information installed through the science to make his case against the “Intelligent Design” proponents. But he stops there; he does now not use the identical biological findings to raise query regarding Christian theism. However, his paintings and arguments contra creationism and Intelligent Design show that he, in reality, does now not restrict himself, as a scientist, to approach. Granted, we can make the philosophical difference between technique and philosophy; but in the long run, this distinction would not do a lot in the debate between naturalists and incredible-naturalists, apart from providing a few mental comforts to the high-quality-naturalist.

In end, the touted difference among methodological and philosophical naturalism does little to expose that technological know-how and faith are like minded. The equal can be said regarding the claims that “science does now not disprove God,” that many scientists are also people of religion and locate notion in God well matched with their work within the sciences. None of those makes tons headway in showing that the sciences are well suited with a dedication to a supernatural view of truth.